Heimaey Volcano Facts
In 1973 was the eruption of a fierce volcano
on Heimaey, an Icelandic island. Heimaey is the largest island
in the Vestmannaeyjar cluster. Attempts to halt lava flow in
Heimaey were made but the destruction was still overwhelming.
Houses were burnt to ashes in a matter of seconds.
When was the eruption of the Heimaey
The Heimaey Volcano erupted on January 23,
1973. The burning did not stop until early July.
How many people died in the Heimaey volcano
No one died in the Heimaey volcano
Stopping the lava flow in Heimaey
The attempt to halt lava flow in Heimaey was
by pumping seawater through firehoses to spray the lava.
At first water seemed to have no effect in
stopping the lava flow in Heimaey. But after a long time, the
lava flow stopped. The town's harbor was saved.
Volunteer volcano fighters used 43 pumps and
over 30 km (19 miles) of pipe and hose. The Stopping the lava
flow in Heimaey battle lasted 5 months.
Why is Iceland dangerous?
Iceland is dangerous because it is in a rift
zone where two of the Earth's crustal plates are moving apart.
The North American plate heads west and the European plate
heads east, therefore leaving a crack in the sea floor.